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Pests & Disease

Mosquitoes

mosquito
* Image Source – Scientisits Against Malaria

Malaria is one of the world’s most deadly diseases and there is emerging resistance to the only effective treatment.
The mosquito-borne infectious disease is widespread in tropical and sub-tropical regions, with 214 million cases resulting in 438,000 deaths in 2015.
Malaria is an ongoing global concern. Some reports suggest that due to global warming and climate change the spread of Malaria will continue to rise.
The incidence of Malaria is on the rise. Australia is free of endemic malaria, but Australians can catch the disease when travelling to tropical regions in Asia, Africa, and Central or South America. Most Australian cases of malaria are contracted in Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Indonesia.
The most recent Australian Notifiable Disease Status Annual Report indicates that there have been 322 cases of people in Australia infected with Marlia.

The main disease spread by mosquitoes in Australia are Dengue Fever, Ross River Fever, Barmah Forest Virus and the Murray Valley Encephalitis

Heartworm is also spread by Mosquitoes to our family pets. For cats, just one heartworm tends to be fatal. So even indoor dogs and cats that don’t mix with other animals can get heartworm.

What can be done to control Mosquitoes?
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Ticks

tick
*Image Source – The Conversation

Ticks are widespread throughout Australia. Tick bites generally cause minimal discomfort, but humans can experience allergic reactions, paralysis, and tickborne diseases.
Although contrary to popular belief, Lyme disease in Australia is a real issue and more can be found by visiting the Lyme Disease Association of Australia website.

*Image sources linked above

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